- Following a failed coup by liberal officers in December 1825, Tsar Nicholas I sanctioned the first modern Russian security service, the Third Section of the Imperial Chancery in 1826. The Decembrist risings indicated to Nicholas and his more conservative advisors that there was a need for greater surveillance of the population. The Third Section worked in concert with the paramilitary Corps of Gendarmes to extend its reach to urban and rural areas. The Russian archives show that Nicholas paid a great deal of attention to the staffing of the Third Section, and he read and commented on its reporting.From its beginning, the Third Section targeted intellectuals suspected of revolutionary thoughts and deeds. Count Aleksandr Benkendorff, head of the section in 1826–1844, and his successors tended to rely on informers and agents provocateurs employed by the Corps of Gendarmes. Despite efforts to modernize the Third Section, it failed to defeat populist revolutionary movements such as Narodnaya volya (People’s Will), which assassinated a number of senior tsarist officials in the late 1870s. The Third Section had poor relations with other security bureaucracies and was incompetent against an organized terrorist organization. Worse yet, it was often penetrated by the terrorist organizations it was sworn to defeat. In 1880 Tsar Aleksandr II abolished the organization, replacing it with a secret chancery under Count Loris-Melikov. But it was too late: in 1881 Narodnaya Volya assassinated the tsar, still poorly served by his secret service. The failure of the Third Section to defeat political radicalism, and the escalation of political terrorism in 1880–1882, led to the formation of the Division for the Protection of Order and Social Security, better known as Okhrana.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
third section — UK US noun [singular] STOCK MARKET ► the part of the Tokyo Stock Exchange where international shares are traded → Compare FIRST SECTION(Cf. ↑first section), SECOND SECTION(Cf. ↑second section) … Financial and business terms
Third Section — or Third Department Office created in 1826 by Tsar Nicholas I to conduct secret police operations. Designed and headed (1826–44) by Count Aleksandr Benckendorff (1783–1844), it gathered information on political dissidents and banished suspected… … Universalium
Third Section of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery — The Third Section of His Imperial Majesty s Own Chancellery (Russian: Tretiye Otdeleniye , or III отделение собственной Е.И.В канцелярии, sometimes translated as Third Department) was a secret department set up in Imperial Russia, inherited from… … Wikipedia
section — sec‧tion [ˈsekʆn] noun 1. [countable] one of the parts of an organization or department: • You will need to speak to the manager of the marketing services section. • Toyota suffered its biggest drop in profit since its sales and manufacturing… … Financial and business terms
third — thirdly, adv. /therrd/, adj. 1. next after the second; being the ordinal number for three. 2. being one of three equal parts. 3. Auto. of, pertaining to, or operating at the gear transmission ratio at which the drive shaft speed is greater than… … Universalium
section — /sek sheuhn/, n. 1. a part that is cut off or separated. 2. a distinct part or subdivision of anything, as an object, country, community, class, or the like: the poor section of town; the left section of a drawer. 3. a distinct part or… … Universalium
Third Department — ▪ Russian political office Russian Tretye Otdeleniye, also called Third Section Of His Imperial Majesty s Own Chancery In Russia, office created by Emperor Nicholas I (July 15 [July 3, old style], 1826) to conduct secret police… … Universalium
Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act — of 1996 (a common name for Title V of the Telecommunications Act of 1996) is a landmark piece of Internet legislation in the United States. Section 230(c)(1) provides immunity from liability for providers and users of an interactive computer… … Wikipedia
Section Twenty-three of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms — is the section of the Charter that constitutionally guarantees minority language educational rights to French speaking communities outside Quebec, and, to a lesser extent, English speaking minorities in Quebec. The section may be particularly… … Wikipedia
Section Twenty-four of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms — provides for remedies available to those whose Charter rights are shown to be violated. Some scholars have argued that it was actually section 24 that ensured that the Charter would not have the primary flaw of the 1960 Canadian Bill of Rights :… … Wikipedia